- What is Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos ?
Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos is Historical Place, Tourist Attraction, Town in Turkey.
- Places to Visit in Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos
|1. Aqueduct||10. Turkish Bath|
|2. Necropolis||11. Citadel (Kastro)|
|3. Windmill||12. Podium House|
|4. Stadium||13. Ancient Part|
|5. Church of Saint Panteleimon||14. Tower (Simitçi Tower)|
|6. Ancient Theatre of Apollonia ad Rhyndacum||15. Mosque|
|7. The Weeping Plane||16. Religious Primary School|
|8. Sanctuary of Demeter||17. Temple of Apollo on Kız Adası|
|9. City Walls||18. Monastery Island.|
- History Of Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos
Gölyazı is located 6 kilometers South of the 35th kilometer of the road linking Bursa to Karacabey, on a peninsula located at the eastern edge of the Uluabat lake and linked to the shore through a thin slice of land. When waters rise during the winter, it takes the form of an island. Also known as “Apolyont”, its history stretches back to the 5th century B.C. The settlement is also mentioned as “Apollonia” taking its name from its patron god Apollo, known in mythology as the god of art, music, and the sun. In order to be distinguished from other cities bearing the name Apollonia mentioned in historical sources, the city was called Apollonia ad Rhyndakos, which means Apollonia on the shore of Rhyndakos river (Kocasu/Mustafakemalpaşa or Orhaneli stream). According to inscriptions found at the port of Ephesus, Apollonia was a port city in the imperial period. The ancient city included the island and the region of the Zambak Hill on the mainland.
The “outer castle” called by the people “stone gate” was made at its entrance in order to protect it. The remnants of the walls known as “Simitçi Tower” are striving to survive in order to remind the old glorious days of the castle. The ancient theatre on the hillside, called by the locals “Cemetery of the Infidels” the windmill in the schoolyard, the Religious Primary School and the “Weeping Plane” next to the bridge linking the island of Gölyazı to the shore, all constitute historical values of this unique settlement. Apart from the area where the ancient city of Apollonia and the village are located, there are historical remnants on several large and small islands of the lake. The church of Saint Constantine on Monastery Island, which is thought to have been built in the 9th and 10th centuries, and the remnants of the Sanctuary of Apollo on Kız Adası from the Hellenistic Period (4th-1st centuries B.C.) are also among the important historical values of the region. The church of Saint Panteleimon at the entrance of Gölyazı, built in the second half of the 19th century is an important example of Greek neoclassical architecture. The church which remained in ruins for long years was restored in 2009 from the part of the Municipality of Nilüfer. Today it is used as a Cultural Centre.
In 2014 the restoration of the “Writing House by the Lake” was completed. In it, writers and translators are hosted in the home environment of a historical building located right next to the church. During the Ottoman period, the size of the town gradually diminished and was limited in the area of the island. The Greeks who lived in Gölyazı since the Ottoman conquest at the beginning of the 14th century until the Turkish War of Independence and the Exchange of Populations in 1923 were settled in Greece, while Muslim Turks living in Greece subject to the Exchange were settled in these lands. Today the Ulubat lake, which hots the settlement inspiring admiration with its natural and historical beauty, is included among the world’s important wetlands and it is among the limited in number living lakes included in the living lakes network having acquired the Ramsar status in 2001. The wide and hollow lake with its small islets and wide reed beds is an important shelter for water birds during the summer and the transitional seasons.
In Golyazi there are so many plane trees included in the scope of monuments. The oldest of them, the Weeping Plane is located next to the bridge on the settlement. It is estimated to be about 750 years old. The trunk of the tree is so large, indicating its age.
- How much does it cost to enter all historical places in Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos?
- How do I get to Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos by Public Transport? (by Bus, Metro, Tram, Train, Ferry, Cable Car, Car)
|Address||GÖLYAZI – NİLÜFER / BURSA|
- Golyazı Bursa – Gölyazı – Apollonia ad Rhyndakos Photos